As noted in the previous chapter, a sense of body position is necessary for adaptive motor control. In order to move a limb toward a particular location, it is imperative to know the initial starting position of the limb, as well as any force applied to the limb. Muscle spindles and Golgi tendon organs provide this type of information. In addition, these receptors are components of certain spinal reflexes that are important for both clinical diagnosis as well as for a basic understanding of the principles of motor control.
A case of severe low back pain, which was completely treated by release of the middle cluneal nerve, was presented. Clunealgia is underdiagnosed cause of low back pain and leg pain. The middle cluneal nerve may be entrapped where this nerve pass under or through the long posterior sacroiliac ligament.
The paper discusses some characteristics of the science of human movement; it analyzes the movement rules, paying a special attention to the study of the neurological muscle health. In this work, we studied the features of playing sports by patients with physiological disadaptation.
The interconnection between stimuli from the external and internal environment along with different physiological reflexes has been widely described by many physiologists of the past. Great Russian physiologist, Dr. Pavlov, described many examples where different stimuli caused musculocutaneous or visceral reflexes.
The hip joint serves as a central pivot point for the body as a whole. This large ball-and-socket joint allows simultaneous, triplanar movements of the femur relative to the pelvis, as well as the trunk and pelvis relative to the femur. Lifting the foot off the ground, reaching towards the floor, or rapidly rotating the trunk and pelvis while supporting the body over one limb typically demands strong and specific activation of the hips’ surrounding musculature.
A 60-year-old woman complains of falls, imbalance, and numbness and tingling in her hands and legs. There is also some incoordination of hand use and she has difficulty manipulating small items such as buttons.
The purpose of this article is to present a kinesiological analysis of motion of the shoulder complex. The literature of the shoulder complex kinesiology is reviewed and is presented as a cohesive whole. Basic information regarding structural components of the shoulder complex is presented in table form for easy accessibility. Terminology is defined. The coordinated movement of the three bones of the shoulder complex is described and their interdependence is emphasized. The clinical importance of this interdependence is stressed. Finally, basic biomechanical and kinesiological information is used to analyze motion of the shoulder complex as a whole. Combined muscle actions are described throughout the range of motion for four representative movements.
The article discusses modern approaches from the outlook of evidence-based medicine to the non-drug methods of treatment included in the modern schemes of rehabilitation after various diseases with the focus on one of the rehabilitation methods based on the use of Proprioceptive-Deep Tendon Reflex – a method that has been developed by Dr. Jose Palomar. Link to the article in Russian magazine "PAIN"