The hip joint serves as a central pivot point for the body as a whole. This large ball-and-socket joint allows simultaneous, triplanar movements of the femur relative to the pelvis, as well as the trunk and pelvis relative to the femur. Lifting the foot off the ground, reaching towards the floor, or rapidly rotating the trunk and pelvis while supporting the body over one limb typically demands strong and specific activation of the hips’ surrounding musculature.
A 60-year-old woman complains of falls, imbalance, and numbness and tingling in her hands and legs. There is also some incoordination of hand use and she has difficulty manipulating small items such as buttons.
The purpose of this article is to present a kinesiological analysis of motion of the shoulder complex. The literature of the shoulder complex kinesiology is reviewed and is presented as a cohesive whole. Basic information regarding structural components of the shoulder complex is presented in table form for easy accessibility. Terminology is defined. The coordinated movement of the three bones of the shoulder complex is described and their interdependence is emphasized. The clinical importance of this interdependence is stressed. Finally, basic biomechanical and kinesiological information is used to analyze motion of the shoulder complex as a whole. Combined muscle actions are described throughout the range of motion for four representative movements.
The article discusses modern approaches from the outlook of evidence-based medicine to the non-drug methods of treatment included in the modern schemes of rehabilitation after various diseases with the focus on one of the rehabilitation methods based on the use of Proprioceptive-Deep Tendon Reflex – a method that has been developed by Dr. Jose Palomar. Link to the article in Russian magazine "PAIN"